At Back to Back Chiropractic we treat and create an individual rehabilitation program for many conditions.
The below list are conditions for which chiropractic care is proven to be effective.
* Chronic Back pain.
* Migraine headache
* Cervicogenic headache
* Cervicogenic dizziness
* Acute/sub acute neck pain.
* Acute whiplash associated disorders.
* Plantar fasciitis
* Shoulder girdle pain / dysfunction
* Adhesive capsulitis
* Tennis elbow
* Hip osteoarthritis
* Knee osteoarthritis
* Patellofemoral Pain syndrome
At Back to Back Chiropractic Clinic, chiropractors understand the importance of assessing vital signs. Vital signs are measures of various physiological statistics, often taken by health professionals, in order to assess the most basic body functions. Vital signs are an essential part of a case presentation. The act of taking vital signs normally entails recording body temperature, pulse rate (or heart rate), blood pressure, and respiratory rate, but may also include other measurements. We are not implying that we treat abnormal vital signs as well as checking oxygen levels, these are purely for assessment purposes.
The blood pressure is recorded as two readings; a high systolic pressure, which is the maximal contraction of the heart, and the lower diastolic or resting pressure. Usually the blood pressure is given in the left arm unless there is some damage to the arm. The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure is called the pulse pressure. The measurement of these pressures is now usually done with an aneroid or electronic sphygmomanometer. There is no natural ‘normal’ value for blood pressure, but rather a range of values that on increasing are associated with increased risks. The guideline acceptable reading also takes into account other co-factors for disease. Therefore, elevated blood pressure (hypertension) is variously defined when the systolic number is persistently over 140-160 mmHg. Low blood pressure is hypotension.
The pulse is the physical expansion of the artery. Its rate is usually measured either at the wrist or the ankle and is recorded as beats per minute. The pulse commonly taken is the radial artery at the wrist. Sometimes the pulse cannot be taken at the wrist and is taken at the opposite of the elbow (brachial artery), at the neck against the carotid artery (carotid pulse), behind the knee (popliteal artery), or in the foot dorsalis pedis or posterior tibial arteries. The pulse rate can also be measured by listening directly to the heartbeat using a stethoscope. The pulse varies with age. A newborn or infant can have a heart rate of about 130-150 beats per minute. A toddler’s heart will beat about 100-120 times per minute, an older child’s heartbeat is around 90-110 beats per minute, adolescents around 80-100 beats per minute, and adults pulse rate is anywhere between 50 and 80 beats per minute.
In medicine, oxygen saturation (SO2), commonly referred to as “sats”, measures the percentage of haemoglobin binding sites in the bloodstream occupied by oxygen. At low partial pressures of oxygen, most haemoglobin is deoxygenated. At around 90% (the value varies according to the clinical context) oxygen saturation increases according to an oxygen-haemoglobin dissociation curve and approaches 100% at partial oxygen pressures of >10 kPa. A pulse oximeter relies on the light absorption characteristics of saturated haemoglobin to give an indication of oxygen saturation. An SaO2 (arterial oxygen saturation) value below 90% causes hypoxemia (which can also be caused by anemia). Hypoxemia due to low SaO2 is indicated by cyanosis.
Venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) is measured to see how much oxygen the body consumes. Under clinical treatment, a SvO2 below 60%, indicates that the body is in lack of oxygen, and ischemic diseases occur. This measurement is often used under treatment with a heart-lung machine (Extracorporeal Circulation), and can give the perfusionist an idea of how much flow the patient needs to stay healthy.
Tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) can be measured by near infrared spectroscopy. Although the measurements are still widely discussed, they give an idea of tissue oxygenation in various conditions.
Saturation of peripheral oxygen (SpO2) is an estimation of the oxygen saturation level usually measured with a pulse oximeter device.
The deep tendon reflexes provide information on the integrity of the central and peripheral nervous system. Generally, decreased reflexes indicate a peripheral problem and lively or exaggerated reflexes a central one.
Orthopaedic tests are also fundamental to making a specific diagnosis. Orthopaedic testing is needed to assess which joint has dysfunction including spinal vertebra, pelvis joint, hip joint, knee joint, carpel tunnel, ankle joint, shoulder joint, elbow joint, temporal mandibular joint and many more.
Vestibular Balance Testing
Video Nystagmography device (VNG)
This is a very sophisticated device that we use to gain understanding of your brain function in many different areas, by observing the function of your eye muscles during movement. The device was pioneered by NASA to assess the adaptation of astronauts’ nervous systems in zero-gravity environments. It has now been adapted to give us relevant information about the nervous system back on earth. We use VNG at Back to Back Chiropractic Clinic to help us assess a range of conditions.
To use the machine, we ask you to put on infrared camera goggles that records eye movement. Then we invite you to view static or moving cursors in front of you on a custom made digital light bar. As you perform different tests information is fed to a computer, which records and graphs the actions of your eyes.
Recording eye movement videos allows us to assess nystagmus, random Saccade and Smooth Pursuit.
A saccade is a fast movement of an eye, head or other part of an animal’s body or device. It can also be a fast shift in frequency of an emitted signal or other quick change. Saccades are quick, simultaneous movements of both eyes in the same direction. Initiated by eye fields in the frontal and parietal lobes of the brain, saccades serve as a mechanism for fixation, rapid eye movement and the fast phase of optokinetic nystagmus.
Smooth pursuit eye movements allow the eyes to closely follow a moving object. It is one of two ways that visual animals can voluntarily shift gaze, the other being saccadic eye movements. Pursuit differs from the vestibulo-ocular reflex, which only occurs during movements of the head and serves to stabilize gaze on a stationary object. Most people are unable to initiate pursuit without a moving visual signal. The pursuit of targets moving with velocities of greater than 30°/s tend to require catch-up saccades. Smooth pursuit is asymmetric: most humans and primates tend to be better at horizontal than vertical smooth pursuit, as defined by their ability to pursue smoothly without making catch-up saccades.
During pregnancy, weight-bearing changes occur. This can cause an added stress to the spine. Chiropractic care during pregnancy can help you to stay more comfortable.
At Back to Back Chiropractic Clinic buying a brand new X-ray machine was important to us. We were also proud when Brian Stein of Luton town football club officially opened our department on the 26th January 2005.
An X-ray is a widely used diagnostic test to examine the inside of the body. X-rays are a very effective way of detecting problems with bones, such as fractures, and they can also often identify problems with soft tissue.
What are X-rays?
X-rays are a type of radiation. Radiation is a general term that refers to any sort of energy that can travel through space as either a wave or a particle. Examples of other types of radiation include:
Light, radio waves, and microwaves.
X-rays are similar to light, except that they have a much higher frequency, which makes them invisible to the naked eye.
Due to their high-frequency, X-rays can pass through the human body, and it is this ability that makes X-rays ideal for looking inside the body..
Safety and X-Rays
X-rays consist of a type of radiation that is known as ionising radiation. Ionising radiation is high-energy radiation that has the potential to damage the cells of the body and cause mutations in the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), which can trigger cancer in later life. DNA is a type of acid that contains all human genetic material.
However, ionising radiation is only a threat to health when a person is exposed to a significantly high dose, such as after the disaster that occurred in the nuclear plant at Chernobyl in the former Soviet Union in 1986.
The doses that are used in medical X-rays are very low, and they are thought to be very safe. They are similar in strength to other sources of natural radiation that people are exposed to on a daily basis.
Before your first treatment. Your chiropractor will tell you how often you will need to visit us in the clinic. We will also continue to evaluate and monitor your progress right to the very end of care.
Back to Back Chiropractic Clinic has tens of thousands of patients that span generations from the new born to their great grandfather, who regularly use us for old and new complaints.
At Back to Back Chiropractic Clinic we often use a chiropractic adjustment; this is a gentle, but specific movement of a joint which your Chiropractor makes by hand. The technique your Chiropractor will use depends on many factors. A Chiropractic Adjustment can vary from a rapid but controlled movement to a sustained light pressure. Sometimes a small ‘click’ can be heard. This is the joint fluid releasing pressure into the joint space and is painless.